Very often pain is caused by the body being pulled in the wrong direction by muscles that are too strong or too stiff with respect to muscles that are too weak or too loose. According to Vladmir Janda, human movement and function requires a balance of muscle length and strength between opposing muscle groups surrounding a joint. Normal amounts of opposing force between muscles are necessary to keep the bones centered in the joint during motion; this would be considered ‘muscle balance’. On the other hand, ‘muscle imbalance’ occurs when opposing muscles provide different directions of tension due to tightness and/or weakness. When a muscle it too tight, the joint tends to move in that direction and is limited in the opposite direction since this is typically ‘the path of least resistance.’ For example, the quadriceps and hamstrings of the knee joint perform opposite motions; an imbalance between the two could put undue stress on the joint. A tight hamstring would not allow the joint to glide normally or fully extend, which could put extra stress on the quadriceps muscle and patella (knee cap).
You can read and see more here. This creates faulty postures and movement patterns which lead to tissue breakdown resulting in pain and dysfunction. At Connolly Physical Therapy, we assess the length, strength, and ability of a muscle to perform specific tasks and we help you correct them. The way we correct muscle imbalances is that we teach you how to re-balance your neuromusculoskeletal system to be the most efficient it can be by addressing the reason for your faulty movement patterns. At Connolly Physical Therapy, we will address strength, flexibility, stability, and how those affect your movement. Your home exercise program will be tailored to address your specific needs in order to return you to the “you” whom you are used to!
If you would like to learn more about what we do and why at Connolly Physical Therapy, please feel free to search The Manual Therapy Institute, Shirley Sahrmann, www.aaompt.org, www.apta.org, Diane and Linda Joy Lee, Vladimir Janda, Manohar Panjabi, Myopain Seminars, Geoffery Maitland, David Butler, Odvaar Holten, among many other influences.